Describe clothes in French

How to describe clothes in French

French Adjectives and Expressions for Clothing

Without doubt, the French are considered to be specialists in fashion! Speaking about clothes, they differentiate them endlessly according to shape, texture, size etc. As a result, there are plenty of adjectives and expressions that are used every day to describe the attributes of clothing.

Before using all these adjectives, it is an opportune moment to review the basic rules of adjectives, what an adjective is and its grammatical behavior in French.

Basic Rules for French Adjectives 

For example, if an adjective ends in a consonant, add an e to make it feminine, a silent s to make it plural. Plus, the final consonant of adjectives is silent. It is pronounced only in the feminine when followed by a silent e

To modify fashion adjectives, the French commonly use the adverbs trop (“too”), pas assez (“not enough”), vraiment (“truly”), vachement (“very” but used only in Conversational French).

Here are some French adjectives and expressions commonly used to describe clothes. In every case, the masculine form is listed; the feminine form follows in parentheses only if the adjective is irregular.

‘La forme’ (‘the shape’) 

  • Droit > straight
  • Plissé > pleated
  • Fendu > with a split
  • Serré > tight
  • Moulant > clingy
  • Ample > large
  • Évasé > flare
  • Décolleté > low cut
  • Cache-coeur > crossed/wrapped over the chest

‘L’aspect’ et ‘la texture’ (‘the appearance’ and ‘the texture’) 

  • Doux (douce) > soft
  • Rugueux (rugueuse) > rough
  • Épais (épaisse) > thick
  • Fluide > fluid
  • Fin > thin
  • Chaud > warm
  • un pull qui gratte > a sweater that itches (there is no French term for “itchy”)
  • Confortable > comfortable (note the n in French)
  • Transparent > see-through

‘Le look’ (‘the look’) 

  • Chic (the same in feminine) > stylish
  • Élégant > elegant
  • À la mode > fashionable 
  • Démodé > old-fashioned
  • Branché > trendy
  • Cool > hip, cool
  • Sympa > nice
  • Joli > pretty
  • Beau (belle) > beautiful
  • Magnifique > gorgeous
  • Pas mal > not bad
  • Laid > ugly
  • Moche > ugly (slang)
  • Uni > plain
  • Chargé > busy
  • Sobre > understated
  • Voyant > gaudy
  • Vulgaire > vulgar
  • Sexy > sexy
  • Imprimé > printed  
  • Rayé > striped

‘La taille’ (‘the size’) 

  • Grand > big 
  • Large > broad, wide, large
  • Long (longue) > long
  • Court > short
  • Étroit > tight

‘Le Prix’ (‘the price’) 

  • Cher (chère) > expensive
  • Hors de prix > super expensive
  • Pas cher > inexpensive, cheap (“inexpensive” is literally bon marché, but that’s not used often)
  • Soldé > marked down

Expressions 

Cette robe… “this dress”…

  • tombe bien sur toi > falls nicely on you
  • te va bien / te va à merveille > fits you nicely / marveously (we use an indirect object pronoun and the verb « aller »)
  • t’amincit > makes you look thinner

Ce pantalon… this pair of pants…

  • ne te va pas du tout > doesn’t fit you at all
  • te grossis > makes you look fat
  • me gratte > is itchy / itches 

Interested in learning / practicing French ?

Contact us at Multilingual Society // 561-228-1688 // nk@multilingualsociety.org

Please share your thoughts...

Show Buttons
Hide Buttons